This Python program generates the Fibonacci series without using recursion. It calculates and displays the first `n`

Fibonacci numbers using iteration.

The Fibonacci series is a sequence of numbers in which each number is the sum of the two preceding ones. It starts with 0 and 1, and the subsequent numbers are obtained by adding the last two numbers in the sequence. The Fibonacci series typically begins as follows: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, and so on.

## Program Statement

Given an integer `n`

, we need to generate the first `n`

Fibonacci numbers without using recursion and display them as a list.

## Python Program to Find the Fibonacci Series Without using Recursion

def fibonacci(n): fib_seq = [0, 1] # Initialize the Fibonacci sequence with the first two numbers if n <= 0: return [] elif n == 1: return [0] elif n == 2: return fib_seq for i in range(2, n): fib_seq.append(fib_seq[-1] + fib_seq[-2]) # Add the sum of the last two numbers to the sequence return fib_seq # Test the function num_terms = int(input("Enter the number of terms: ")) fibonacci_sequence = fibonacci(num_terms) print("Fibonacci Series:", fibonacci_sequence)

This program asks the user to input the number of terms they want in the Fibonacci series. It then uses the `fibonacci()`

function to generate the series without recursion. The function initializes the Fibonacci sequence with the first two numbers, `[0, 1]`

, and then iteratively calculates the next number by adding the last two numbers in the sequence. Finally, it returns the generated Fibonacci series.

The program prints the Fibonacci series for the specified number of terms. You can run the program, provide the number of terms you want, and it will output the Fibonacci series without using recursion.

## How it works

- The program defines a function called
`fibonacci()`

that takes an input`n`

representing the number of terms in the Fibonacci series to be generated. - Inside the
`fibonacci()`

function, we initialize a list called`fib_seq`

with the first two numbers of the Fibonacci series,`[0, 1]`

. - The function checks for special cases. If
`n`

is less than or equal to 0, it returns an empty list. If`n`

is 1, it returns`[0]`

, and if`n`

is 2, it returns the initial Fibonacci sequence`[0, 1]`

. - If
`n`

is greater than 2, the function enters a loop that iterates`n-2`

times (since we already have the first two numbers in the sequence). - Inside the loop, the function calculates the next Fibonacci number by adding the last two numbers in the
`fib_seq`

list (`fib_seq[-1]`

and`fib_seq[-2]`

). It appends this sum to the`fib_seq`

list. - After the loop completes, the function returns the generated Fibonacci sequence stored in the
`fib_seq`

list. - The program prompts the user to enter the number of terms they want in the Fibonacci series using the
`input()`

function, and the input is stored in the variable`num_terms`

. - The program calls the
`fibonacci()`

function with`num_terms`

as the argument, and the result is stored in the variable`fibonacci_sequence`

. - Finally, the program prints the generated Fibonacci series by displaying the contents of the
`fibonacci_sequence`

list using the`print()`

function.

By following these steps, the program generates the Fibonacci series without using recursion. It uses an iterative approach to efficiently calculate and store the Fibonacci numbers based on the number of terms specified by the user.