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# Python Program to Multiply Two Matrices Using Multi-dimensional Arrays

In this python tutorial, you will learn how to Multiply Two Matrices Using Multi-dimensional Arrays with for loop of the python programming language.

## How to Multiply Two Matrices Using Multi-dimensional Arrays?

Letâ€™s take a look at the source code,Â  here the values are assigned in the code, the for loop carry out the function.

```# Python Program to Multiply Two Matrices Using Multi-dimensional Arrays

X = [[12,7,3],
[4 ,5,6],
[7 ,8,9]]

Y = [[5,8,1,2],
[6,7,3,0],
[4,5,9,1]]

result = [[0,0,0,0],
[0,0,0,0],
[0,0,0,0]]

for i in range(len(X)):

for j in range(len(Y[0])):

for k in range(len(Y)):
result[i][j] += X[i][k] * Y[k][j]

for r in result:
print(r)
```

OUTPUT:

```[114, 160, 60, 27]
[74, 97, 73, 14]
[119, 157, 112, 23]```
1. At first, we enter the values of three matrices. The first one with 3 rows and 3 columns and assign that matrix to the variable `X`. The second one with 3 rows and 4 columns and assign that matrix to the variable Â `Y`.
2. The third one with 3 rows and 4 columns, which is a null matrix and assign that matrix to the variable Â `result`. The values are enclosed within square brackets and closed on the whole with the same.
3. Â We declare a `for` loop where the `range` for the variable `i` is `(len(X))` after which we declare another `for` loop where the `range` for the variable `j` is `(len(Y[0]))`
4. We declare a `for` loop where the `range` for the variable `k` is `(len(Y))` for which we give the condition `[i][j] += X[i][k] * Y[k][j]`
5. We declare the finalÂ `for` loop where the `result` is the variable `r` after which we give a `print` function which will display the values stored in the variable `r`
6. In the above code we have used the `for` loops to iterate through each row and each column. We get the sum of products in the result.

NOTE:

• TheÂ printÂ function is used to display the value, it prints the specified message to the screen
• Â TheÂ For loopsÂ are used to loop through an iterable object and perform the same action for each entry.
• TheÂ len()Â is a built function Â used to calculate the length of any iterable object
• The Addition assignment operator ( += )Â adds the value of the right operand to a variable and assigns the result to the variable.

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