HomeCSharpC# Program to Find Sum of Digits of a Number

# C# Program to Find Sum of Digits of a Number

Finding the sum of the digits of a number is a common problem in programming and mathematics. This task involves breaking down a given number into its individual digits and then adding them together. This concept is often used in various programming scenarios, including data validation, cryptography, and number manipulation.

## Problem Statement

Write a C# program that takes an integer as input and calculates the sum of its digits.

## C# Program to Find Sum of Digits of a Number

```using System;

class Program
{
static void Main()
{
Console.Write("Enter a number: ");

int sumOfDigits = CalculateSumOfDigits(number);

Console.WriteLine(\$"The sum of the digits of {number} is {sumOfDigits}");
}

static int CalculateSumOfDigits(int number)
{
int sum = 0;
while (number > 0)
{
int digit = number % 10; // Get the last digit
sum += digit;            // Add the digit to the sum
number /= 10;            // Remove the last digit
}
return sum;
}
}
```

## How it Works

2. Iteration:
• In the first iteration, we use the modulo operator (%) to get the last digit: 12345 % 10 = 5. This digit is added to our running total (initialized to 0): `sum = 0 + 5 = 5`.
• We then perform integer division by 10 to remove the last digit: 12345 / 10 = 1234. The number becomes 1234.
• In the second iteration, we again use modulo to get the last digit: 1234 % 10 = 4. We add this digit to the sum: `sum = 5 + 4 = 9`.
• We once more perform integer division by 10: 1234 / 10 = 123. The number becomes 123.
• This process continues until there are no more digits left to process.
3. Termination Condition: We keep iterating and updating the sum until the number becomes zero (in integer division, or until we reach the end of the number in string form).
4. Output: When the number becomes zero, we have extracted and summed all the digits. The final value of `sum` is the sum of digits of the original number.

## Input/ Output

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