C++ Program to Display Factors of a Number

In this post, you will learn how to Display Factors of a Number using C++ programming language.

This lesson will teach you how to Display Factors of a Number, with a for loop, mathematical operations and decision making statement using the C++ Language. Let’s look at the below source code.

How to Display Factors of a Number?

RUN CODE SNIPPET

Source Code

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main() 
{
    int n, i;
    cin >> n;
    cout << "Enter a positive integer: "<<n<<endl;
    cout << "\nFactors of " << n << " are: ";  
    for(i = 1; i <= n; ++i) 
    {
        if(n % i == 0)
            cout << i << " ";
    }
    return 0;
}

Input

10

Output

Enter a positive integer: 10
Factors of 10 are: 1 2 5 10

The statements #include<iostream>, using namespace std, int main are the main factors that support the function of the source code. Now we can look into the working and layout of the code’s function.

  1. Factors of a number are the integers that can divide the original number exactly. For example, 8 is the factor of 24, since it can divide into three equal parts. 24/8 = 3. Here we are building a code to find the factors of a number.
  2. First, declare the variables n, i an integers collect the number from the user and store it in n using function cin>>  and display the value using cout<< and the Insertion Operators'<<‘ , ‘>>’.
  3. Use an output statement to display the answer.
  4. Using a for loop with the condition (i = 1; i <= n; ++i) and the loop statement consisting of an if statement with a condition which verifies if the reminder of n and i is equal to 0 and an output statement to be displayed when the  condition is true.
  5. The if statement checks if the number is a factor of the number as a factor leaves the reminder as 0, and the for loop according to the condition increments the value of i and repeats the loop statement until the condition is not satisfied.
  6. The output statement is displayed and execution is terminated.

Note: The ‘ << endl ‘ in the code is used to end the current line and move to the next line and ‘\n’ is also a new line function, to understand how both the functions work exclude it from the code, move it around and work with it.