A namespace is a collection of currently defined symbolic names along with information about the object that each name references. You can think of a namespace as a dictionary in which the keys are the object names and the values are the objects themselves.
A Python namespace is like a container that stores names (identifiers) and their associated objects. It helps manage variables, functions, and other elements in your code, preventing naming conflicts. There are four types: local, enclosing, global, and built-in namespaces, each with a specific scope and accessibility. Python searches for names in this order to resolve them correctly.